This hand grenade has a beautiful and unique pattern, and the cone-shaped ceramic vessel is well decorated and shows a band of pellets. This comes with a paper by Dr Raffaele D'Amato, a military specialist. Dated 15th July 2019, it is titled 'Eastern Roman Empire - Greek Fire Bomb or Hand Grenade'.
Ayalon, D., Gunpowder and Firearms in the Mamluk Kingdom, London, 1956, p.16.
Accompanied by an academic paper by military specialist Dr Raffaele D'Amato, date 15 July 2019 and titled Eastern Roman Empire - Greek Fire Bomb or Hand Grenade.
Date: Byzantine 9th-11th century AD
Size: 125 mm / 483 grams
Provenance: Purchased in 2020 from a London specialist auction. Previously Ex. North London gentleman; formerly in a private collection formed between 1990 and 2000.